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If you are traveling to the Amazon area of Peru be aware that there is currently an outbreak of leptospirosis in the northern region of Loreto. The outbreak is a result of recent flooding in the area. Leptospirosis is caused by a spirochete bacteria that is spread by animal urine. People become infected with the illness when they come into contact with contaminated water or soil usually through abrasions or breaks in the skin. Travelers participating in water activities or immersed in fresh water following heavy flooding are more at risk. Flu-like symptoms of fever, body aches, and headache may occur from 2 days to 3 weeks after exposure. To avoid this illness, limit fresh water activities and do not swallow the water. If you are traveling to an affected area, you can take a prophylactic antibiotic once weekly to protect you from contracting this disease. Talk to your travel medicine specialist today!